Heritage and Preservation

The Scots Who Built New York's Landmarks


The Modernist period begins in 1880. Carnegie's steel has made tall buildings possible and economical, Otis's elevators have made height accessible. Architects have been released from the bounds of masonry supported buildings. New expression of forms and greater use of glass are now possible.

Engineering becomes the partner of the architect in the design of buildings ever taller and ever more efficient.

You may view or download a PDF (30MB) of John Kinnear's Powerpoint presentation here.